Every government provides financial assistance to the people with no or inadequate income, such assistance is referred to as social security.
Social security is also critical in promoting the welfare of the less privileged in the society through assistance to enable the victims get access to basic needs. The assistance is meant to enable them to access food and shelter and to promote health and well-being more so to potentially vulnerable segments such as children, the elderly, the sick and the unemployed.
For better understanding of social security, it is essential to know the contingencies covered by social security which include responsibility for the maintenance of children, suspension of earnings due to pregnancy and confinement and their consequences. The other contingencies include suspension of earnings due to an inability to obtain suitable employment for protected persons who are capable of, and available for work, suspension of earnings due to an incapacity for work resulting from a morbid condition, permanent or persistent inability to engage in any gainful activity, treatment of any morbid condition including pregnancy, as well as loss of support suffered by a widowed individual or child as the result of the death of the provider.
For one to receive social security benefits, they must enroll to one of the following basic categories based upon the record of their earnings, these include retirement, disability, dependents, and survivors benefits.
It is vital for people to enroll to retirement benefits program under social security if they want to get assistance once they retire from work. Employees of covered employment who serve the companies for sufficient number of years and who retired at the age of sixty-two are eligible for retirement benefits. The moment you reach the age of sixty two and have enrolled to retirement benefits program, you can be assured of getting the benefits. In some cases, one may want to receive the payments before they reach the full retirement age, in such a case, the amount of the benefit will be reduced by a certain percentage.
In addition, citizens of a country are guaranteed of getting disability benefits. It is worth noting that disability benefits is for those who met the work requirements and are considered disabled under the Social Security program’s medical guideline.
The other type of benefits under social security that citizens of a country can be assured of enjoying is dependents benefits. Dependents benefits are entitled to people who are spouses of a retired or disabled worker who qualifies for Social Security retirement or disability benefits. Your minors and disabled children are also entitled to dependents benefits.
In the event that you are the surviving spouse of a worker who qualified for Social Security retirement or disability benefits, you and your minor or disabled children may be entitled to benefits. The beneficiaries of the program qualify for the benefits based on their deceased spouse’s earnings record.